Determination of molecular dipole orientation in doped fluorescent organic thin films by photoluminescence measurements

J. Frischeisen, D. Yokoyama, C. Adachi, W. Brütting

erschienen 2010 Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 073302 (2010)
[DOI link]
DOI: 10.1063/1.3309705

The orientation of the transition dipole moments of fluorescent organic molecules doped into a matrix material is determined by photoluminescence measurements of the angular dependent emission spectra and by comparison with simulations. The analysis of two small molecular materials doped into a 4,4(')-bis(N-carbazole)-biphenyl matrix is demonstrated, yielding a horizontal orientation of 91\% for 4,4(')-bis{[}4-(diphenylamino)styryl]biphenyl and a completely random orientation in case of tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline)aluminum (Alq(3)). This expeditious technique does not require detailed information about the optical properties of the dopant, making this method particularly suitable for characterizing newly developed materials for organic light-emitting diodes with enhanced light-outcoupling efficiency.