Radio frequency occupancy state control of a single nanowire quantum dot

M. Weiß, F. J. R. Schülein, J. B. Kinzel, M. Heigl, D. Rudolph, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, J. J. Finley, A. Wixforth, G. Koblmüller, H. J. Krenner

Journal of Physics D - Applied Physics 47, 394011 (2014) -- Special Issue article on Nanowires DOI: J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys.

The excitonic occupancy state of a single, nanowire-based, heterostructure quantum dot is dynamically programmed by a surface acoustic wave. The quantum dot is formed by an interface or thickness fluctuation of a GaAs QW embedded in a AlGaAs shell of a GaAs-AlGaAs core-shell nanowire. As we tune the time at which carriers are photogenerated during the acoustic cycle, we find pronounced intensity oscillations of neutral and negatively charged excitons. At high acoustic power levels these oscillations become anticorrelated which enables direct acoustic programming of the dot's charge configuration, emission intensity and emission wavelength. Numerical simulations confirm that the observed modulations arise from acoustically controlled modulations of the electron and electron-hole-pair concentrations at the position of the quantum dot.