Special seminars TRR80

24.4.2017 4:30 p.m., room: T-1004
Prof. Dr. Rosario Fazio (Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa)
Dissipative phase transitions in synthetic matter
24.4.2017 5:30 p.m., room: T-1004
Prof. Dr. Christoph Strunk (Universität Regensburg)
The superconductor/insulator transition in thin films and wires
13.6.2017 4 p.m., room: S-288
Prof. Dr. Titus Neupert (Universität Zürich)
One-dimensional edge modes of three-dimensional topological insulators
11.9.2017 10 a.m., room: S-403
Prof. Dr. Katsuya Inoue (Chirality Research Center (CResCent) and Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University)
Chiral effects on physical properties

Chirality is commonly found in nature at all length and time scale, from particle physics to structure of cosmos. It is characterized by a reflection asymmetry that we are most familiar with in terms of our left hand being the mirror opposite of our right hand. In biological systems, chirality is also found in commonly from molecule-level, and the role of chirality is one of the most important feature. When this kind of handedness appears in the structure of atoms or molecules in a solid, it affects the way that the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons organize themselves through the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interactions [1,2-4, 6]. In a centro-symmetric structure, these interactions cancel out. The DM interaction is one of antisymmetric exchange interactions and the strength is ca. 10% of symmetric exchange interactions and stabilize a long-pitch screw-like helical and/or perpendicular arrangements of the magnetic spins, if ferroic-DM vectors exist in the materials. Normally, DM interactions exist with symmetric exchange interactions, then they must compete with ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic exchange, which tries to align all the magnetic moments in the same direction. The resulting helical magnetic arrangement with a winding period of several tens or hundreds of nanometers, which is much longer than the lattice constant. Therefore, even though the chiral properties depend on the symmetry, they can be understood and manipulated at the mesoscopic level, independently of the structural details. [5, 7-13] The crystals belong to chiral space group and have long range magnetic ordering are still rare and difficult to design of crystals. The crystal design of molecule-based chiral magnetic materials is often use chiral induction with chiral ligands for coordination compounds. But the crystal design of inorganic chiral magnets is not established. [14-16] In this presentation, we would like to discuss how chirality influence on magnetism.

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Acknowledgements Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (No. 25220803, 15K13674), the Center for Chiral Science in Hiroshima University (the MEXT program for promoting the enhancement of research universities, Japan), JSPS Core-to-Core Program (A. Advanced Research Networks).