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Quantum optics


  • Quantization of the electromagnetic field
    • Lagrange formalism for fields
    • Lagrangian of the electromagnetic field
    • Decomposition into longitudinal and transversal contributions
    • Hamiltonian
    • Quantization
    • Physical observables
  • Quantum states of the free electromagnetic field
    • Fock states
    • Coherent states
    • Squeezed states
  • Interaction of light and matter
    • Multipole expansion
    • Excitation probability for dipole interaction
    • Einstein coefficients
    • Photo detectors
  • Coherence properties
    • Two-slit experiment
    • First-order coherence
    • Second-order coherence
    • Phase-sensitive measurements
  • Radiation field as reservoir
    • Master equation
    • Two-level system and radiation field
  • Resonance fluorescence
    • Optical Bloch equations
    • Intensities
    • Spectrum
    • Antibunching
    • Dressed states