Directional and dynamic modulation of the optical emission of an individual GaAs nanowire using Surface Acoustic Waves

J. B. Kinzel, D. Rudolph, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, J. J. Finley, G. Koblmueller, A. Wixforth, H. J. Krenner

Nano Lett. 11, 1512-1517 (2011) DOI: ACS

We report on optical experiments performed on individual GaAs nanowires and the manipulation of their temporal emission characteristics using a surface acoustic wave. We find a pronounced, characteristic suppression of the emission intensity for the surface acoustic wave propagation aligned with the axis of the nanowire. Furthermore, we demonstrate that this quenching is dynamical as it shows a pronounced modulation as the local phase of the surface acoustic wave is tuned. These effects are strongly reduced for a surface acoustic wave applied in the direction perpendicular to the axis of the nanowire due to their inherent one-dimensional geometry. We resolve a fully dynamic modulation of the nanowire emission up to 678 MHz not limited by the physical properties of the nanowires.