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Exotic Ground States



In recent years, the study of exotic ground states, especially in transition-metal oxides and chalcogenides has become a very active area of solid-state physics. Examples include magnetically frustrated states like, e.g., spin liquids, orbital-liquid and orbital-glass phases, charge order, and heavy-fermion states. These complex ground states emerge from strong electronic correlations, enhanced by the interplay of spin, orbital, charge, and lattice degrees of freedom. They are not only a challenge for basic research but also bear enormous potentials for future applications as materials with these features are possible building blocks for tomorrow's correlated electronics.