Synthesis an Characterization

In addition to our key methods dielectric spectroscopy, optical spectroscopy, ESR and NMR, in our group a large variety of sample characterization methods are available.

For example, X-ray diffraction is used for structural characterization, calorimetric measurements can be performed in a large parameter space and magnetic properties are investigated using AC-susceptibility and DC-magnetization measurements. In addition, measurements of the dc resistivity and of non-linear dielectric properties like P(E) hysteresis loops can be carried out. Most of those investigations can also be performed in magnetic fields extending up to 16 T.