Surface plasmon resonance sensor utilizing an integrated organic light emitting diode

J. Frischeisen, C. Mayr, N. Reinke, S. Nowy, W. Brütting

erschienen 2008 Opt. Express 16, 18426–18436 (2008)
[DOI link] [PDF]
DOI: 10.1364/OE.16.018426

A novel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor based on an integrated planar and polychromatic light source is presented. The sensor comprises an organic light emitting diode (OLED) and a metallic sensing layer located on opposite sides of a glass prism. We successfully fabricated and tested prototype sensors based on this approach by the use of different prism geometries and OLEDs with blue, green and red emission color. We investigated the angular and wavelength dependent SPR dispersion relation for sensing layers consisting of silver and gold in contact with air. Further on we demonstrated the sensor function by real time monitoring of temperature changes inside an adjacent water reservoir as well as by recording the dissolving process of sodium chloride in water. The presented technique offers the advantage that there is no necessity to couple light from external bulky sources such as lasers or halogen lamps into the sensing device which makes it particularly interesting for miniaturization. (C) 2008 Optical Society of America